CERES Thesaurus
Biological Sciences
Draft 7/96
     
a) Animals (kingdom: )
- vertebrates (chordata)
	- mammals (mammalia) 
		- bats
		- rodents
		- carnivores
		- ungulates
		- insectivores
		- cetaceans
     
     Suggested revision (based on review of mammal taxonomy):
     
     - marsupials (Marsupialia)
     - insectivores (Insectivora)
     - bats (Chiroptera)
     - carnivores (Carnivora)
     - seal/sea lions (Pinnipedia)
     - whales/dolphins (Cetacea)
     - horses/burros (Perissodactyla, odd-toed ungulates)
     - deer/pigs/sheep (Artiodactyla, even toed ungulates)
     - rodents (Rodentia)
     - rabbits (Lagomorpha)
     
     
	- birds (aves)
		- song birds
		- raptors
		   

     Suggested revision of birds
     
     - Loons/Grebes/Pelagic Sea Birds/Pelicans (Gaviformes, Podicipediformes, 
     Procellariformes, Pelecaniformes)
     - waterfowl (Anseriformes)
     - vultures/hawks/falcons (Falconiformes)
     - quail/turkey/grouse (Galliformes, gallinaceous birds)
     - herons and allies (Ciconiiformes)
     - cranes and allies (Gruiformes)
     - shorebirds/gulls/coastal sea birds (Charadriiformes)
     - pigeons/doves (Columbiformes)
     - owls (Strigiformes)
     - cuckoos/goatsuckers (Cuculiformes/Caprimulgiformes)
     - swifts/hummingbirds (Apodiformes)
     - parrots/trogons (Psittaciformes, Trogoniformes)
     - kingfishers (Coraciiformes)
     - woodpeckers (Piciformes)
     - songbirds (Passeriformes, perching birds)

 
	- reptiles (reptilia)
		- snakes (serpentes)
		- lizards (sauria)
		- turtles, tortoises (chelonia)
	- amphibians (amphibia)


     Suggested revision of amphibians:
     - salamanders (Caudata)
     - frogs (Anura)
     - caecilians (Gymnophiona)

		- salimanders (salientia)
		- frogs (cauriata)
	- fishes
     
- invertebrates
	- arthropods
		- insects     
		- arachnids      
		- crustaceans        
	- molluscs     
	- other invertebrates
     
b) Plants (kingdom: plantae)
- flowering plants (angiosperms)
- cone-bearing (coniferous, gymnosperms) plants 
- ferns (filicinae) 
- primitive plants
	- mosses
	- bryophtyes
     
c) Simple organisms 
- algae (seaweed)(kingdom: monera) 
- fungi (kingdom:fungi) 
	- mushrooms
	- molds
- protozoa (kingdom: protista)
- lichens 
     
     
d) Ecosystems
-biological levels
	- genetic  (evolution, speciation)   
	- individual  (ecology of organisms)
	- population  (species )                    
	- guild  (trophic )
	- community  (habitats/ecological communities)     
	- watershed  (landscape or regional ecology)
	- ecosystem  (biome)
	- global  (bioshpere 
     
- ecological processes

        - needs more work

- habitat types
     
     (stay tuned for the development of the online CNPS Vegetation Manual 
     for CERES, in progress through U.C. Davis and NBS)
     
     - dune Communities
        - dune vegetation
     - scrub communities
        - coastal sage
        - chenopod scrub
        - sagebrush scrub
     - chaparral
        - scrub oak chaparral
        - chamise chaparral
        - manzanita chaparral
        - ceanothus chaparral
        - montane chaparral
        - mixed desert vegetation
        - creosote bush scrub
     - wetland communities
     - riparian communites
        - willow vegetation
        - riparian forests
     - woodland communites
        - mixed forests
        - oak forests
        - broadleaf forests
     - conifer forest communities
        - mixed conifer forests
        - pine forests
        - cypress forest
        - pinyon juniper woodlands
     - herbaceous vegetation
        - grasslands