CHAPTER 1

POPULATION

1.1 INTRODUCTION

In order to effectively guide land use and development in the County and establish policies relating to housing and public services and facilities, it is important to understand who lives in the County, how the population has grown over time, and how it is projected to grow in the future. This chapter reviews historical population trends, current demographics, and population projections for Sutter County. In addition to the County-wide overview, population data for the County's two incorporated cities are included to provide insight into how demographics and growth characteristics vary within the County. The most recent population statistics have been taken from the 1990 U.S. Census, and should, therefore, provide a fairly accurate characterization of the County and it's communities.

1.2 HISTORICAL POPULATION GROWTH

Sutter County was one of the original counties in the State of California when the State entered the Union on September 9, 1850. Principally an agricultural area without cities until the incorporation of Yuba City in 1908 and Live Oak in 1947, Sutter County's population was primarily rural until the 1960's when, due to significant growth in the unincorporated "Yuba City Urban Area", the urban and suburban population finally exceeded the rural farm population. The "Yuba City Urban Area" is an area defined by census tracts generally bound by Eager and Nuestro Roads to the north, the Sutter Extension Canal to the west, Oswald Road to the south, and the Feather River to the east. Table 1.2-1 shows the historical population growth of the County, it's cities and unincorporated area. Table 1.2-2 shows the average annual rate of growth of the County, it's cities and the unincorporated area by decade.

TABLE 1.2-1
HISTORICAL POPULATIONS

SUTTER COUNTY YUBA CITY LIVE OAK UNINCORP.
1900 5,886 * * 5,886
1910 6,328 1,160 * 5,168
1920 10,115 1,708 * 8,407
1930 14,618 3,605 * 11,013
1940 18,680 4,968 * 13,712
1950 26,239 7,861 1,770 16,608
1960 33,380 11,507 2,276 19,597
1970 41,935 13,986 2,645 25,304
1980 52,246 18,736 3,103 30,407
1990 64,415 27,437 4,320 32,658

Source: U. S. Census


TABLE 1.2-2
HISTORICAL ANNUAL POPULATION GROWTH RATES

SUTTER COUNTY YUBA CITY LIVE OAK UNINCORP.
1900 - 1910 0.73% * * (1.31%)
1910 - 1920 4.80% 3.94% * 4.99%
1920 - 1930 3.75% 7.76% * 2.74%
1930 - 1940 2.48% 3.26% * 2.22%
1940 - 1950 3.46% 4.70% * 1.62%
1950 - 1960 2.44% 3.88% 2.55% 1.79%
1960 - 1970 2.31% 1.97% 1.51% 2.78%
1970 - 1980 2.22% 2.97% 1.61% 1.85%
1980 - 1990 2.12% 3.89% 3.36% 0.72%

Source: U. S. Census
* City not incorporated.

TABLE 1.2-3
1995 POPULATION ESTIMATE

SUTTER COUNTY YUBA CITY LIVE OAK UNINCORP.
January 1, 1995 74,932 34,342 5,312 35,278

Source: California Department of Finance


Table 1.2-3 contains the January 1, 1995, population estimate for the County, it's cities, and the unincorporated area. The Department of Finance estimates that the incorporated area's population first exceeded the unincorporated area's population in 1991.

The 1990 U.S. Census credited Sutter County with a total population of 64,415; however, the October 1995 Sacramento Area Council of Government's (SACOG) projections are the most recent population projections for the County. SACOG projects that the County's population may be expected to grow from the current population of 74,932 to 116,000 by the year 2015. This reflects an annual growth rate of 2.21 percent. The County's growth rate between 1975 and 1995 was 2.47 percent.

TABLE 1.2-4
POPULATION ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS
Sutter County Population*


1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Y.C. Urban Area 56,536 64,785 73,339 81,981 90,817
(Yuba City) 34,342 39,900 45,500 51,200 57,200
(YCUA Unincorporated) 22,194 24,885 27,839 30,781 33,617
Live Oak 5,312 6,470 7,400 8,220 9,110
Remaining Unincorporated 13,084 13,895 14,561 15,399 16,073
(Total Unincorporated) 35,278 38,780 42,400 46,180 49,690
Sutter County Total 74,932 85,150 95,300 105,600 116,000

Source: SACOG and Sutter County Community Services Department

* The above projections assume that over 83 percent of all new population increases will occur within the Yuba City Urban Area, that over 9 percent will occur in the City of Live Oak and that the remainder will occur uniformly throughout the rest of the unincorporated County area. The projections also assume that no growth to either city will occur through annexation.

Table 1.2-4 lists the population projections of the County and incorporated cities in five year intervals from 1995 to 2015. The projections reflected in this table show the highest growth rates occurring in the two incorporated cities. The annual growth rate of the unincorporated areas of the County over the next 20 years is projected to be 1.68 percent. In comparison, the annual growth rate for the cities of Yuba City and Live Oak over the same period of time is 2.48 percent and 2.57 percent respectively.

TABLE 1.2-5
POPULATION ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS
Sutter County Group Quarters Population


1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Yuba City Urban Area 685 694 701 708 714
(Yuba City) 602 613 613 615 615
(YCUA Unincorporated) 83 81 88 93 99
Live Oak 268 508 508 508 508
Remaining Unincorporated 26 72 72 75 75
(Total Unincorporated) 109 153 160 168 174
Sutter County Total 979 1,274 1,281 1,291 1,297

Source: SACOG and Sutter County Community Services Department


Table 1.2-5 lists a group quarters projection of the community by five year intervals from 1995 to 2015. All persons not living in households are classified by the Census Bureau as living in group quarters. Two general categories of persons are recognized in group quarters. They are "Institutionalized" persons and "Noninstitutionalized" persons. Institutionalized persons include persons under formally authorized, supervised care or custody in institutions, such as prisons, military stockades, police lockups, halfway houses, local jails, nursing homes, mental hospitals, wards for the mentally ill or challenged, and other similar institutions. Noninstitutionalized persons include persons who live in group quarters other than institutions, such as homes for the mentally ill or challenged, homes for physically handicapped, maternity homes for unwed mothers, religious group quarters, emergency shelters, college dormitories and similar areas.

Tables 1.2-6 and 1.2-8 show the racial classification of the County, its cities and the unincorporated area in 1980 and 1990 respectively. Tables 1.2-7 and 1.2-9 show that some of those who responded in Tables 1.2-6 and 1.2-8 also claim hispanic origin. For example, looking at Tables 1.2-6 and 1.2-7, of the 42,893 Sutter County residents who indicated they were white, 1,924 of them also indicated they were of hispanic origin. Countywide, the hispanic community has accounted for the largest percentage increase in population of any racial group. In 1980, the hispanic population accounted for 11.7 percent of the County's population, while in 1990, it rose to 16.4 percent. This trend is even more apparent in the incorporated cities, where the hispanic population of Yuba City and Live Oak rose from 9.5 to 17.9 percent and 25 to 37 percent respectively.


TABLE 1.2-6
1980 RACIAL CLASSIFICATION BY AREA


SUTTER
COUNTY
YUBA
CITY
LIVE
OAK
UNINCORP.
White 42,893 (82.1%) 16,094 (85.9%) 2,306 (74.3%) 24,493 (81%)
Black 562 (1.1%) 326 (1.7%) 2 (.1%) 234 (.8%)
American Indian/Eskimo 587 (1.1%) 279 (1.5%) 33 (1.1%) 275 (.9%)
Japanese 563 (1.1%) 126 (.7%) 11 (.4%) 426 (1.4%)
Chinese 201 (.4%) 113 (.6%) 2 (.1%) 86 (.3%)
Filipino 172 (.3%) 53 (.3%) 7 (.2%) 112 (.4%)
Korean 40 (.1%) 22 (.1%) 0 (0%) 18 (.1%)
Asian Indian 2,585 (5%) 525 (2.8%) 186 (6%) 1,874 (6.2%)
Vietnamese 15 (<.1%) 6 (<.1%) 0 (0%) 9 (<.1%)
Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 21 (<.1%) 10 (<.1%) 0 (0%) 11 (<.1%)
Other 4,607 (8.8%) 1,182 (6.3%) 556 (17.9%) 2,869 (9.4%)
Total 52,246 (100%) 18,736 (99%*) 3,103 (100%) 30,407 (100%)

Source:1980 U. S. Census

* The sum of the column was derived due to rounding.


TABLE 1.2-7
1980 HISPANIC ORIGIN BY RACIAL CLASSIFICATION AND AREA


SUTTER COUNTY YUBA CITY LIVE OAK UNINCORP.
White 1,924 662 274 988
Black 10 4 1 5
Asian 153 71 31 51
Other 4,011 1,037 470 2,504
Total 6,098 1,774 776 3,548

Source: 1980 U. S. Census

TABLE 1.2-8
1990 RACIAL CLASSIFICATION BY AREA


SUTTER
COUNTY
YUBA
CITY
LIVE
OAK
UNINCORP.
White 49,521 (76.8%) 20,876 (76.1%) 2,486 (57.5%) 26,159 (80.1%)
Black 1,041 (1.6%) 713 (2.6%) 43 (1%) 285 (.9%)
American Indian/Eskimo 941 (1.5%) 457 (1.7%) 74 (1.7%) 410 (1.3%)
Japanese 519 (.8%) 152 (.6%) 16 (.4%) 351 (1.1%)
Chinese 224 (.3%) 120 (.4%) 2 (<.1%) 102 (.3%)
Filipino 356 (.6%) 180 (.7%) 14 (.3%) 162 (.5%)
Korean 106 (.2%) 54 (.2%) 0 (0%) 52 (.2%)
Asian Indian 4,200 (6.5%) 1,273 (4.6%) 349 (8.1%) 2,578 (7.9%)
Vietnamese 35 (.1%) 24 (.1%) 0 (0%) 11 (<.1%)
Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 124 (.2%) 48 (.2%) 0 (0%) 76 (.2%)
Other 7,348 (11.4%) 3,540 (12.9%) 1,336 (30.9%) 2,472 (7.6%)
Total 64,415 (100%) 27,437 (101%*) 4,320 (100%) 32,658 (100%)

Source: 1990 U. S. Census

* The sum of the column was derived due to rounding.


TABLE 1.2-9
1990 HISPANIC ORIGIN BY RACIAL CLASSIFICATION AND AREA


SUTTER COUNTY YUBA CITY LIVE OAK UNINCORP.
White 3,381 1,454 297 1,630
Black 54 24 2 28
Asian 331 142 24 165
Other 6,826 3,289 1,283 2,254
Total 10,592 4,909 1,606 4,077

Source: 1990 U. S. Census

1.3 FINDINGS

* Sutter County has experienced moderate growth over the last several decades, with the incorporated communities receiving larger percentages of growth.

* Historical populations were larger in the rural area until 1991 when the incorporated area's population surpassed the unincorporated area.

* The 1990 census shows Sutter County's population contains some ethnic diversity, with over 75% of the County being white, and the hispanic population being the next largest category (over 16 percent) and the fastest growing segment.

1.4 BIBLIOGRAPHY

California Department of Finance.

Sacramento Area Council of Governments. Baseline Projections, September 21, 1995.

U.S. Census.


| Web Search | Comment | LUPIN Home | CERES Home | Table of Contents |