California's Coastal Plant Communities

California has one of the most diverse floras on earth. A wealth of distinct habitats, varied soils, and microclimates, in combination with millions of years of semi-isolation by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the rugged mountains and desert to the east, have produced an estimated 5,000 native species and 1,000 introduced species. In addition, nutrient-rich ocean currents along the coast support a diverse marine flora of about 670 species.

To learn more about the diverse plant communities of California's coast, click on the areas below.

General Information
Marine Algae
Coastal Strand
Coastal Grasses
Coastal Scrub
Salt Marsh
Freshwater Marsh

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