Chapter 3: State Agencies, Boards
§ 21100. Environmental impact report on proposed
state projects; significant effect; cumulative impact analysis
(a) All lead agencies shall prepare, or cause to be prepared by contract, and
certify the completion of, an environmental impact report on any project which
they propose to carry out or approve that may have a significant effect on the
environment. Whenever feasible, a standard format shall be used for
environmental impact reports.
(b) The environmental impact report shall include a detailed statement setting
forth all of the following:
(1) All significant effects on the environment of the proposed project.
(2) In a separate section:
(A) Any significant effect on the environment that cannot be avoided if the
project is implemented.
(B) Any significant effect on the environment that would be irreversible if the
project is implemented.
(3) Mitigation measures proposed to minimize significant effects on the
environment, including, but not limited to, measures to reduce the wasteful,
inefficient, and unnecessary consumption of energy.
(4) Alternatives to the proposed project.
(5) The growth-inducing impact of the proposed project.
(c) The report shall also contain a statement briefly indicating the reasons
for determining that various effects on the environment of a project are not
significant and consequently have not been discussed in detail in the
environmental impact report.
(d) For purposes of this section, any significant effect on the environment
shall be limited to substantial, or potentially substantial, adverse changes in
physical conditions which exist within the area as defined in Section 21060.5.
(e) Previously approved land use documents, including, but not limited to,
general plans, specific plans, and local coastal plans, may be used in
cumulative impact analysis.
§ 21100.1. Information required in certain
environmental impact reports
The information described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision
(b) of Section 21100 shall be required only in environmental impact reports
prepared in connection with the following:
(a) The adoption, amendment, or enactment of a plan, policy, or ordinance of a
(b) The adoption by a local agency formation commission of a resolution making
(c) A project which will be subject to the requirement for preparing an
environmental impact statement pursuant to the requirements of the National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
§ 21100.2. Leases, permits, licenses, certificates
and other entitlements; establishment of time limits for impact reports and
(a)(1) For projects described in subdivision (c) of Section 21065, each state
agency shall establish, by resolution or order, time limits that do not exceed
(A) One year for completing and certifying environmental impact reports.
(B) One hundred eighty days for completing and adopting negative declarations.
(2) The time limits specified in paragraph (1) shall apply only to those
circumstances in which the state agency is the lead agency for a project. These
resolutions or orders may establish different time limits for different types
or classes of projects, but all limits shall be measured from the date on which
an application requesting approval of the project is received and accepted as
complete by the state agency.
(3) No application for a project may be deemed incomplete for lack of a waiver
of time periods prescribed in state regulations.
(4) The resolutions or orders required by this section may provide for a
reasonable extension of the time period in the event that compelling
circumstances justify additional time and the project applicant consents
(b) If a draft environmental impact report, environmental impact report, or focused
environmental impact report is prepared under a contract to a state agency, the
contract shall be executed within 45 days from the date on which the state
agency sends a notice of preparation pursuant to Section 21080.4. The state
agency may take longer to execute the contract if the project applicant and the
state agency mutually agree to an extension of the time limit provided by this
§ 21101. Environmental impact report on proposed
In regard to any proposed federal project in this state which may have a
significant effect on the environment and on which the state officially
comments, the state officials responsible for such comments shall include in
their report a detailed statement setting forth the matters specified in
Section 21100 prior to transmitting the comments of the state to the federal
government. No report shall be transmitted to the federal government unless it
includes such a detailed statement as to the matters specified in Section
§ 21102. Request for or authorization of expenditure
of funds; statement of effect on environment
No state agency, board, or commission shall request funds, nor shall any state
agency, board, or commission which authorizes expenditures of funds, other than
funds appropriated in the Budget Act, authorize funds for expenditure for any
project, other than a project involving only feasibility or planning studies
for possible future actions which the agency, board, or commission has not
approved, adopted or funded, which may have a significant effect on the
environment unless such request or authorization is accompanied by an
environmental impact report.
Feasibility and planning studies exempted by this section from the preparation
of an environmental impact report shall nevertheless include consideration of
§ 21104. State lead agency; consultations prior to
completion of impact report
(a) Prior to completing an environmental impact report, the state lead agency
shall consult with, and obtain comments from, each responsible agency, any
public agency which has jurisdiction by law with respect to the project, and
any city or county which borders on a city or county within which the project
is located unless otherwise designated annually by agreement between the state
lead agency and the city or county, and may consult with any person who has
special expertise with respect to any environmental impact involved. In the
case of a project described in subdivision (c) of Section 21065, the state lead
agency shall, upon the request of the applicant, provide for early consultation
to identify the range of actions, alternatives, mitigation measures, and
significant effects to be analyzed in depth in the environmental impact report.
The state lead agency may consult with persons identified by the applicant
which the applicant believes will be concerned with the environmental effects
of the project and may consult with members of the public who have made a
written request to be consulted on the project. A request by the applicant for
early consultation shall be made not later than 30 days after the determination
required by Section 21080.1 with respect to the project.
(b) The state lead agency shall consult with, and obtain comments from, the
State Air Resources Board in preparing an environmental impact report on a
highway or freeway project, as to the air pollution impact of the potential
vehicular use of the highway or freeway.
(c) A responsible agency or other public agency shall only make substantive
comments regarding those activities involved in a project which are within an
area of expertise of the agency or which are required to be carried out or
approved by the agency. Those comments shall be supported by specific
§ 21104.2. Consultation and findings; effect of
projects on threatened or endangered species
The state lead agency shall consult with, and obtain written findings from, the
Department of Fish and Game in preparing an environmental impact report on a
project, as to the impact of the project on the continued existence of any
endangered species or threatened species pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with
Section 2090) of Chapter 1.5 of Division 3 of the Fish and Game Code.
§ 21105. Environmental impact report and comments as
part of regular project report; availability to legislature and general public
The state lead agency shall include the environmental impact report as a part
of the regular project report used in the existing review and budgetary
process. It shall be available to the Legislature. It shall also be available
for inspection by any member of the general public, who may secure a copy
thereof by paying for the actual cost of such a copy. It shall be filed by the
state lead agency with the appropriate local planning agency of any city,
county, or city and county which will be affected by the project.
§ 21106. Request of funds to protect environment
All state agencies, boards, and commissions shall request in their budgets the
funds necessary to protect the environment in relation to problems caused by
§ 21108. State agency, board or commission; approval
of determination to carry out project; notice; contents; public inspection;
(a) Whenever a state agency, board, or commission approves or determines to
carry out a project which is subject to this division, it shall file notice of
that approval or that determination with the Office of Planning and Research.
The notice shall indicate the determination of the agency, board, or commission
whether the project will, or will not, have a significant effect on the
environment and shall indicate whether an environmental impact report has been
prepared pursuant to this division.
(b) Whenever a state agency, board, or commission determines that a project is
not subject to this division pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 21080 or
pursuant to Section 21085 or 21172, and it approves or determines to carry out
that project, it, or the person specified in subdivision (b) or (c) of Section
21065, may file notice of the determination with the Office of Planning and
Research. Any notice filed pursuant to this subdivision by a person specified
in subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 21065 shall have a certificate of
determination attached to it issued by the state agency, board, or commission
responsible for making the determination that a project is not subject to the
provisions of this division pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 21080 or
pursuant to Section 21085 or 21172. The certificate of determination may be in
the form of a certified copy of an existing document or record of the state
agency, board, or commission.
(c) All notices filed pursuant to this section shall be available for public
inspection, and a list of these notices shall be posted on a weekly basis in
the Office of Planning and Research. Each list shall remain posted for a period
of 30 days.